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Turks began to build closed areas for bathing since the fourteenth century. The Seljuk bath (located on the border of Turkey- Armenia) is thought to be the first hammam building of Anatolia.
Many hammams have been constructed all around of the Ottoman Empire primarily in the capital city Istanbul. Since then Turkish bath has been an indispensable symbol of Turkish culture with its pestemal, rubber, marble basin and the like. Turkish bath culture has been transferred from generation to generation and has reached to the present.
Also many spas have been built on a wide geography that the Ottoman Empire was located. The aim here was to good use of the hot spring water in the territory of the empire.
Some of the Ottoman Baths have been built adjacent to a mosque that inside of a building complex which, called as kulliye, others while have been built as a single building. In that period Hammams have been run by only the waqfs (charitable organisation). Maintenance and other expenses of mosques, medresseh and soup kitchen (place which served free food to the poor and to others, such as madrasah students) have been covered by the revenue of hammams. All the time Hammams have been protected well because of bringing revenue.
After the second half of the nineteenth century in Istanbul private hammams have been beginning to be built that not related to the waqfs.


Tellak (The Rubber) and Kulhanbeyi (The Rowdy) are two important characters
of the Turkish hammam

The attendant to wash the customers is called as rubber (tellak). Bath gloves and pestemals are the fixtures of the hammam that used by the rubbers.
In the old days, rubbers weren't using the same type and color of   pestemals with the customers. They were using a black silk pestemal called as futa. Customers were wrapping pestemals in color. Nowadays in both customers and rubbers use the red striped peshtemal on the cream-colored or yellow ground.
Rowdy (kulhanbeyi) was the star of the hammam culture.
Narrowly molded and maroon colored fez, dark pants, light-colored shirt, vest, a jacket on the shoulder was the classic dressing style of the rowdy.
Formerly, the assistant of the stoker (working in the boiler room of a Turkish bath) was called as rowdy (kulhanbeyi).  The job of this person was making a fire to warm up the bath and supplying the necessary equipment. The rowdy character was used in many work of Turkish literature. In these days, this adjective is only used for hoodlums.


Where and how to use Turkish Towel Peshtemal?

Peshtemal primarily used as hammam towel in Anatolia. This Turkish hand-woven has also been used for clothing in the old days. Even said that peshtemal has arisen as the main apparel of humanity. Later both was changed the form and was varied. Nowadays, peshtemal used as bath towels an as bathrobe at beaches, in saunas, baths and Turkish hamams. Women wrap the peshtemal from the armpit and men wrap from the waist. Turkish Towel Peshtemal is preferred in travel because of being thin and light and also very easy to dry. It is absorptive as terrycloth. Peshtemal also used as authentic beach pareo as well as it used as beach towel. Peshtemal that succeeded in being the trend of recent times, after the beaches of Turkey began to be used on the world-famous beaches such as St. Tropez and Cannes. In these days a lot of celebrities seem with peshtemal on the beaches. At the same time peshtemal is used as home textiles such as table cloth or seat cover.

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